The Union Cabinet announced a new National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) proposing sweeping changes in school and higher education. The Indian government on 29-July-2020 replaced a 34-year-old National Policy on Education, formed in 1986, with the New Education Policy of 2020. Take a look at the takeaways and their implications for students and institutions of learning. The Cabinet has also accepted the proposal and renamed Ministry of Human Resource Development to Education Ministry.
Revolution In Indian Education system with New Education Policy 2020
Major Changes In School Education in New Education Policy 2020
- Age (1-3) years at Home With Parents
Foundational Stage – 5years
- Age (4-6) Years At Pre-Schools/ Anganwadi.
- Age (7-8) Years Classes 1st and 2nd
Preparatory Stage – 3 years
- Age (9-11) Years Classes 3rd To 5th
Middle Stage – 3 years
- Age (12-14) Years Classes 6th To 8th
Secondary Stage – 4 years
- Age (15-18) Years Classes 9th To 12th
Focus on Quality Education In New Education Policy 2020
- Board Exams are to test only core competencies, could become objective and subjective type, and will be offered twice a year.
- Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge.
- Three Language Policy to continue with a preference for local language Medium of Instruction till Class-8th.
- Flexibility to Choose Different Subjects Across Streams, All Subjects to be Offered at Two Level of Proficiency.
- This means any student can choose any subject along with their Major subjects according to their interest.
- The new policy aims for universalisation of education from Pre-school to secondary level with 100 percent Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030 and aims to raise GER in higher education to 50 percent by 2025.
- More focus on practical knowledge.
- Vocational and internship would be practiced.
- students would learn coding from class-6 ONWARD.
- Focus on High Order skills.
- Critical Thinking
- Conceptual clarity
Major Changes for Higher Education
- Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits.
- Multiple Entry/Exit Scheme.
- Flexibility of Subjects.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development is Renamed as Education Ministry.
- Top-Rated Foreign Universities allowed to setup campuses in India.
- Single regulatory Body for Higher Education (Except Legal And Medical).
- UGC+AICTE+NAAC = Merge to be a SINGLE UNIT.
- Common college entrance exam will be conducted twice a year by National Testing Agency.
- Ranking of institutions and Accreditation’s.
- Investment in Education – 6% of GDP at earliest.